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Penal Codes (PC's)
A penal code is also known as a criminal code and it refers to the documents that explain the criminal jurisdiction of the courts. The criminal jurisdiction is a term that is used in constitutional law and public law to describe the power of courts to hear a case brought by a state accusing a defendant for committing a crime. This system helps regulate the relationship between states as well as the relationship between the federal courts and the domestic courts of America. This type of document and regulation is good for states that have a single unified system of law. This document will contain the offenses of the defendant that are recognized in the jurisdiction. Along with the description of the offenses that the defendant committed is a list of punishments for that crime. These codes are commonly used in civil law jurisdictions so that they could use these codes as a guideline to build a legal system around it. However, the punishments and description of each code is not always used in each case, which the judge will determine whether the defendant actually violated the code. Civil law refers to civilian law, which means that it is protected by the police and these codes are not normally included in case laws, such as a lawsuit. This system also ensures that every defendant is charged equally based on their charges. This is due to the recommended punishment for each code, which could include jail time or a fine of a certain amount. Police also use these codes to communicate with each other in order to explain their situation and to call for backup. These codes are vital for police men and women to quickly explain their situation without tipping off the suspect. Another type of penal code are the ones to describe the charges that have been charged to a suspect. These codes explain why the defendant was arrested and he or she could determine his or her punishment by looking up the codes. Some examples of these kinds of codes are as follows:
148(pc): Resisting Peace Officers (Misdemeanor): Suspect willfully resists, delays or obstructs a peace officer in the discharge of his duty.
187(pc): Homicide/Murder (Felony): The unlawful killing of a human being, with malice aforethought.
211(pc): Robbery (Felony): The taking of personal property, in the possession of another, by force or fear.
215(pc): Carjacking (Felony): The taking of a motor vehicle, in the possession of another, by force or fear.
240(pc): Assault (Misdemeanor): An attempt to commit a violent injury on a person, and the ability to do so.
242(pc): Battery (M/F): A willful use of force or violence upon the person of another.
243(pc): Battery on a Peace Officer (Felony)
245(pc): Assault with a Deadly Weapon (M/F): An assault, with a deadly weapon or with force, likely to produce great bodily injury.
261(pc): Rape (Felony): Sexual intercourse, with a person not a spouse, without consent or against a person’s will by means of force or fear.
273.5(pc): Corporal Injury on an Intimate Partner (Felony): willfully inflict physical injury to an intimate partner and cause a traumatic condition in that person.
422(pc): Criminal Threats (Felony): when you threaten to kill or physically harm someone and that person is placed in a state of reasonably sustained fear.
451(pc): Arson (M/F): Willfully and maliciously sets fire to or burns or causes to be burned any structure, forest land, or property.
459(pc): Burglary (Felony): Entering a house, room, store, etc, with intent to commit theft or another felony.
484(pc): Theft/ Larceny (I/M/F): Steal the property of another.
487(pc): Grand Theft (M/F): Theft of money or property valued at greater than $400.
488(pc): Petty Theft (I/M/F): Theft of money or property valued at $400 or less.
496(pc): Receiving Stolen Property (Felony): If you buy, receive, conceal, sell, or withhold any stolen property from the owner.
602(pc) Criminal Trespass (Misdemeanor): Willfully entering upon any lands owned by any other person, without permission of the owner.
25400(pc): Carrying a Concealed Weapon (Felony): makes it a crime to carry a concealed weapon with you or in your vehicle.
The benefits of these codes are that they are very reliable in court. Rather than having to explain the whole charge every time the suspect is brought up or in trial, they could just read off the penal code and it is commonly known what the suspect is accused of. These codes do not automatically make the defendant guilty, he or she will then go to court, where the judge will determine whether or not the defendant is guilty of the charges he or she is being accused of. If you would like some more information about penal codes or have any questions regarding this subject, then please contact one of our highly trained agents at Sunrise Bail Bonds Manhattan Beach and they will be more than happy to answer your questions.